Basic Information

Card image

Kaushal Kumar Bhagat

Assistant Professor
Centre for Educational Technology
Residence FTA-17, IIT Campus, Kharagpur
Phone +91-9647931583
E-Mail kkntnu@hotmail.com

Research Areas


  • Virtual Reality
  • Augmented Reality
  • Online learning
  • Flipped classroom
  • Formative assessment

Member of Professional Bodies


  • The Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT)
  • Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education (APSCE)
  • The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers-Computer Society (IEEE/CS)

Member of Editorial Boards


  • Editor-in-Chief, Contemporary Educational Technology
  • Guest Editor, Educational Technology and Society
  • Consulting editor, Educational Technology Research and Development
  • Associate Editor, British Journal of Educational Technology

Awards & Honours


2018 Outstanding Reviewer Award by Computers & Education
2018 Outstanding Reviewer Award by ETR&D (AECT)
2017 IEEE TCLT Early Career Researcher Award
2015 Japan Student Services Organization (JASSO) fellowship
2015 NTNU International Outstanding Achievement Award
2013-2014 NTNU International fellowship
2006-2010 NCERT Merit Scholarship

Sponsored Projects


Building the collaboration network for the development of science simulations: resource sharing and collaborative research. Funding agency: Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology (Grant no: 107-2511-H-008 -003 -MY3 ). (2019-2021; Co-Principal Investigator)
Principal Investigator
Co-Principal Investigator Kaushal Kumar Bhagat
Sponsor Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology
Analyzing the differences in conceptions and beliefs related to science learning between secondary students from India and Taiwan. Funding agency: National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan (Grant no: T10907000043). (2019-2020; Co-Principal Investigator)
Principal Investigator
Co-Principal Investigator Kaushal Kumar Bhagat
Sponsor National Taiwan Normal University
Research and Evaluation of Blended Learning at Uganda Management Institute. Funding agency: Commonwealth of Learning, Canada (Grant no: C20-160). (2019-2020; Principal Investigator)
Principal Investigator Kaushal Kumar Bhagat
Sponsor Commonwealth of Learning
Development of Framework and Guidelines for Quality E-content Development Phase II. Funding agency: Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia (Grant no: 20-ED1-262). (2019-2020; Principal Investigator)
Principal Investigator Kaushal Kumar Bhagat
Sponsor Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia
The Development and Evaluation of an Augmented Reality Application to Teach Undergraduate Stereochemistry. Funding agency: National Project Implementation Unit. (2019-2020; Co- Principal Investigator)
Principal Investigator
Co-Principal Investigator Kaushal Kumar Bhagat
Sponsor National Project Implementation Unit
The Design and Evaluation of an Augmented Reality (AR) Application for Middle School Students to Teach Three-Dimensional (3D) Geometry. Funding agency: ISIRD, SRIC, IIT Kharagpur (Grant no: IIT/SRIC/ET/ATG/2019-20/016). (2019-2022; Principal Investigator)
Principal Investigator Kaushal Kumar Bhagat
Sponsor ISIRD, SRIC, IIT Kharagpur
Research and Evaluation of Blended Learning at Universiti Malaysia Sabah. Funding agency: Commonwealth of Learning (Grant no: C19-160). (2019; Principal Investigator)
Principal Investigator Kaushal Kumar Bhagat
Sponsor Commonwealth of Learning
Development of Framework and Guidelines for Quality E-content Development Phase I. Funding agency: Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia (Grant no: 06-01-039). (2019; Principal Investigator)
Principal Investigator Kaushal Kumar Bhagat
Sponsor Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia
Understanding Mathematical Learning Process in Augmented Reality Environment using Eye-tracking method. Funding agency: China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant no: 27800-212400201). (2017-2018; Principal Investigator)
Principal Investigator Kaushal Kumar Bhagat
Sponsor China Postdoctoral Science Foundation

Invited Talk


  • Bhagat, K. K. (2020, January). Augmented and Virtual Reality: The Game Changers. Keynote Speaker: The 2020 National Hackathon on Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar, India.
  • Bhagat, K. K., & Spector, J. M. (2019, December). Helping Young Learners Develop Inquiry and Critical Thinking Skills. Keynote Speaker: The 2019 International Conference of Science Education in Taiwan, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2019, December). Augmented and Virtual Reality: The Game Changers. Invited Speaker: National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Yunlin, Taiwan.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2019, November). Augmented Reality: The good, The Bad, and The Ugly. Keynote Speaker: The 18th International Forum on Educational Technology, Guilin, China.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2019, September).Emerging Technologies to Enhance NexGen Science Learning. Invited Webinar: Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2019, July). Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality for the NexGen Science Learning. Keynote speaker: 2019 Emerging Trends in Digital Visualization and Mapping-ETDVM, Kaziranga University, Assam, India.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2019, March). Applications of Emerging Technologies in Formal and Informal Education. Invited Seminar: Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai, Tamilnadu.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2019, February). Role of Emerging Technologies in Enhancing Science Learning. Keynote speaker: 2019 International Conference of GloCal Changes and Educational Responses (GCER), Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2018, December).Research and Evaluation of Blended Learning. Invited talk: TEL Community of Practice, Commonwealth of Learning, New Delhi, India.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2018, June). Academic Writing to Publication: Welcome to Adventure. Invited Seminar: School of Education, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, China.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2018, March). Applications of Emerging Technologies in Formal and Informal Education. Invited Seminar: Graduate Institute of Digital Learning and Education, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2018, March). Academic writing and publishing. Invited Seminar: Graduate Institute of Science Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2018, February).Leveraging the Advantages of Emerging Technologies in Formal and Informal Education. Invited Seminar: Institute of Interactive Systems and Data Science, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2018, February).Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality: Emerging Technologies in the 21st Century. Invited Seminar: Faculty of Computer Science and Engineering, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2017, December). The Role of Technology in Enhancing Mathematics Learning. Invited Seminar: Faculty of Education, Guangxi Normal University. Guilin, China.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2017, November). Students' Perceptions towards Online Learning in the 21st century: A Global Perspective. Invited Seminar: Interdisciplinary Program in Education Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, India.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2017, September). The Design and Development of Digital Interactive Globe System (DIGS).Invited presentation: Netdragon Websoft, China.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2017, January). The Potentials and Trends of Virtual Reality in Education: A Bibliometric Analysis on Top Research Studies in the last Two Decades. Invited seminar: Graduate Institute of Science education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan.
  • Bhagat, K. K. (2016, September). Technology-Enhanced Learning: 21st Century Global Perspective. Invited seminar: Center for Educational Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India.

Conference Presentations


  • Ma, S., Bhagat, K., Spector, J., Lin, L., Liu, D., Leng, J., Tiruneh, D., Mancini, J. (2018, October). Developing Inquiry and Critical Thinking Skills for the Next Generation. Paper presented at the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT 2018), Kansas City, Missouri, USA.
  • Bhagat, K. K., & Spector, J. M. (2018, July). A bibliometric analysis of six years of research on flipped classroom. Paper presented at the 18th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies - ICALT2018, Bombay, India
  • Yang, F.-Y., & Bhagat, K. K. (2018, March). Exploring the differences in epistemic beliefs in science and reasoning performance between students from Taiwan and India. Poster presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST), Atlanta, GA, USA.
  • Bhagat, K. K., & Spector, J. M. (2018, July). A bibliometric analysis of six years of research on flipped classroom. Paper presented at the 18th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies - ICALT2018, Bombay, India.
  • Bhagat, K.K., Chang, C.-Y., & Huang, R. (2017, July). Integrating GeoGebra with TPACK in improving Pre-service Mathematics Teachers’ Professional Development. Poster presented at the 17th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies - ICALT2017, Timisoara, Romania.
  • Bhagat, K. K., & Spector, J. M. (2017, December). Authentic Learning in a Technology-Rich Classroom: Innovative Education in the Classroom. Paper will be presented at the 25th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE 2017), Christchurch, New Zealand.
  • Bhagat, K.K., Liou, W. K., & Chang, C.-Y. (2016, April). Highly Interactive Cloud-Classroom (HIC) embedded into Undergraduate Chemistry Course. Poster presented at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST), Baltimore, MD, USA.
  • Liou, W. K., Bhagat, K.K., & Chang, C.-Y. (2016, November). A Digitally Interactive Globe System (DIGS) Embedded into Earth Science Courses. Paper presented at the European Association for Practitioner Research on Improving Learning (EAPRIL), Porto, Portugal.
  • Bhagat, K. K., & Chang, C.-Y. (2015, March). Beyond Flipped Classroom: A Highly Interactive Cloud-Classroom (HIC) embedded in Basic Materials Science Course. Paper presented at the International Joint Seminar and Research Camp program on Natural Sciences (JSRC2015), Niigata, Japan.
  • Bhagat, K. K., Jen, T. H., & Chang, C.-Y. (2015, August). Students’ Perceptions towards Online Learning: A Cross-Country analysis. Paper presented at the European Science Education Research Association (ESERA) 2015 International Conference, Helsinki, Finland.
  • Bhagat, K. K., & Chang, C.-Y. (2014, July). Incorporating GeoGebra into Geometry learning-A lesson from India. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Australian Science Education Research Association (ASERA), Melbourne, Australia.
  • Bhagat, K. K., & Chang, C.-Y. (2014, November). Application of Augmented Reality (AR) Technology in learning Science concepts. Paper presented at the International Science Education Conference 2014 (ISEC 2014 Singapore), Singapore.
  • Bhagat, K. K., & Chang, C.-Y. (2014, November). Visualizing projectile motion using dynamic mathematical software: GeoGebra. Paper presented at the he International Science Education Conference 2014 (ISEC 2014 Singapore), Singapore.

Publications



  • Chandrakar M. & Bhagat, K. K*. (in press).Development of an Augmented Reality-based Game for the Projectile Motion. The Physics Teacher (SSCI)
  • Yang, F.-Y. & Bhagat, K. K. (2019). Associations of Epistemic Beliefs in Science and Scientific Reasoning in University Students from Taiwan and India. International Journal of Science Education. 41:10, 1347-1365, DOI: 10.1080/09500693.2019.1606960 (SSCI)
  • Bhagat, K. K., Wu, L. Y., & Chang, C.-Y. (2019). The impact of personality on students' perceptions towards online learning. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology. 35(4), 98-108. https://doi.org/10.14742/ajet.4162 (SSCI)
  • Bhagat, K. K., Liou, W. K., Spector, J. M. & Chang, C.-Y. (2019). To Use Augmented Reality or not in Formative Assessment: A Comparative Study. Interactive Learning Environments, 27(5-6), 830-840. doi: 10.1080/10494820.2018.1489857 (SSCI)
  • Liou, W. K., Bhagat, K. K., & Chang, C.-Y. (2018). The Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Digital Interactive Globe System Integrated into an Earth Science Course. Educational technology research and development. 66(2), 545-561. doi.org/10.1007/s11423-018-9573-2 (SSCI)
  • Zheng, L., Dong, Y., Huang, R., Chang, C.-Y., & Bhagat, K. K. (2018). Investigating the interrelationships among conceptions of, approaches to, and self-efficacy in learning science. International Journal of Science Education, 40(2), 139-158. doi: 10.1080/09500693.2017.1402142 (SSCI)
  • Bhagat, K. K., & Chang, C.-Y. (2018). Students’ Perceptions towards Online Learning: A Cross-Country Analysis. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 14(3), 987-995. (SSCI)
  • Bhagat, K.K., Subheesh, N.P., Bhattacharya, B., Chang, C.-Y. (2017). The Design and Development of Identification of Students' Misconceptions in Individualized Learning Environment (iSMILE) System. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 13(1), 19-34. (SSCI)
  • Bhagat, K. K.*, & Spector, J. M. (2017). Formative Assessment in Complex Problem-Solving Domains: The Emerging Role of Assessment Technologies. Educational Technology & Society, 20(4), 312-317. (SSCI)
  • Bhagat, K. K., Wu, L. Y., & Chang, C.-Y. (2016). Development and validation of the perception of students towards online learning (POSTOL). Educational Technology & Society, 19(1), 350-359. (SSCI)
  • Bhagat, K. K., Chang, C. N., & Chang, C.-Y. (2016).The impact of the flipped classroom on mathematics concept learning in high school. Educational Technology & Society, 19(3), 134-142. (SSCI)
  • Liou, W. K., Bhagat, K. K., & Chang, C.-Y. (2016).Beyond the flipped classroom: A Highly Interactive Cloud-classroom (HIC) embedded into basic materials science courses. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 25(3), 460–473. (SCI)
  • Bhagat, K. K., Liou, W. K., & Chang, C.-Y. (2016). A Cost-Effective Interactive 3D Virtual Reality System Applied to Military Live Firing Training. Virtual Reality, 20(2), 127-140. (SCI)
  • Bhagat, K. K., & Chang, C.-Y. (2015). Incorporating GeoGebra into Geometry learning-A lesson from India. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 11(1), 77-86. (SSCI)

  • Nigam, A., Bhagat, K.K.*, Chandrakar, M., & Goswami, P.K. (2019). Design and Development of an Augmented Reality Tracing Application for Kindergarten students. In Chang, M. et al. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 10th IEEE International Conference on Technology for Education (T4E 2019) (pp.240-241). Goa, India: IEEE Computer Society.
  • Bhagat, K.K.* (2019). Augmented reality research output from1990-2018: A bibliometric analysis. In Chang, M. et al. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE 2019) (pp.61-65). Kenting, Taiwan: Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education
  • Sharma, V., Talukder, J., Bhagat, K.K.* (2019). CodAR: An Augmented Reality Based Game to Teach Programming. In Chang, M. et al. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE 2019) (pp.600-602). Kenting, Taiwan: Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education
  • Cheng, C. H., Yang, F. Y., Bhagat, K. K*., Liou, W. K., Chang, C. Y., & Zhang, Y.(2018).Investigating the Learning Performance toward Geometry Learning in an Augmented Reality System. In Yang, J. C. et al. (Eds.). Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE 2018) (pp.337-339). Manila, Philippines: Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education. (SSCI)
  • Bhagat, K.K.*, & Spector, J. M. (2018). A bibliometric analysis of six years of research on flipped classroom. In M. Chang, N.-S. Chen, R. Huang, Kinshuk, K. Moudgalya, S. Murthy & D.G.Sampson (Eds). Proceedings of the18th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT 2018) (pp.27-29). Mumbai, India: IEEE Computer Society. (EI)
  • Bhagat, K.K.*, Chang, C. -Y., & Huang, R. (2017). Integrating GeoGebra with TPACK in improving Pre-service Mathematics Teachers’ Professional Development. In M. Chang, N.-S. Chen, R. Huang, Kinshuk, D.G.Sampson & R. Vasiu (Eds). Proceedings of the17th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT 2017) (pp.313-314). Timisoara, Romania: IEEE Computer Society. (EI)
  • Bhagat, K. K.*, & Spector, J. M. (2017). Authentic Learning in a Technology-Rich Classroom: Innovative Education in the Classroom. In Yang, J. C. et al. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE 2017) (pp.14-16). Christchurch, New Zealand: Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education.
  • Bhagat, K. K., & Chang, C.-Y. (2014). Visualizing Projectile motion using a dynamic mathematical software: GeoGebra. Proceedings of International Science Education Conference 2014(pp.143-159) (ISSN 2382-5979). Singapore: National Institute of Education.

  • Ma, S., Bhagat, K., Spector, J.M.*, Lin, L., Liu, D., Leng, J., Tiruneh, D., & Mancini, J. (in press). Developing Critical Thinking: A Review of Past Efforts as a Framework for a New Approach for Childhood Learning. In J.M. Spector, B.B. Lockee & M.D. Childress (Eds.), Learning, Design, and Technology. An International Compendium of Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
  • Gao, Y., & Bhagat, K. K*. (in press). Role of technology in implementing the flipped classroom: A review. In D. Fisher (Ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Education. London: Taylor & Francis/Routledge
  • Bhagat, K. K.*, & Huang, R. (2018). Improving Learners’ Experiences Through Authentic Learning in a Technology-Rich Classroom. In T.-W. Chang, R. Huang & Kinshuk (Eds.), Authentic Learning Through Advances in Technologies (pp. 3-15). Singapore: Springer Singapore.
  • Bhagat, K. K., Rodrigo, M. M. T., & Chang, C.-Y. (2018). Current status, challenges and opportunities of Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) in Developing Countries in Asia. In K. J. Kennedy & J. C.-K. Lee (Eds.), Routledge International Handbook of Schools and Schooling in Asia (pp. 382-395). New York: Routledge.
  • Spector, J. M., & Bhagat, K. K. (2018). Promoting and Assessing Deep Learning Using Technology. In R. Z. Zheng (Ed.), Strategies for Deeper Learning with Digital Technology (pp. 37-50). New York: Nova Science Publishers.
  • Liu, D., Bhagat, K. K.*, Gao, Y., Chang, T.-W., & Huang, R. (2017). The Potentials and Trends of Virtual Reality in Education. In D. Liu, C. Dede & J. Richards (Eds.), Virtual, Augmented, and Mixed Realities in Education (pp. 105-130). Singapore: Springer Singapore.

  • Díaz, P., Ioannou, A., Bhagat, K. K. & Spector, J. M. (Eds.) (2019). Learning in a Digital World - Perspective on Interactive Technologies for Formal and Informal Education. Singapore: Springer Singapore.
  • Bhagat, K. K., & Bera, S. (2013). Transitions From Pre-school To Primary School. Germany: LAP Lambert (ISBN-13: 978-3659458231).